Restoring Additional School Funding for Students and Teachers: School District Survey Results

Restoring Additional School Funding for Students and Teachers: School District Survey Results

If provided an additional $600 million in funding over
three years, school district leaders say they would spend $255 million to enhance
programs for at-risk students, increase the graduation rate and help students better
prepare to succeed after high school – all of which would address the Kansas
Supreme Court’s concern about underperforming students. There would also be $90
million available to increase teacher salaries that have fallen behind several
neighboring states. It is important to realize that it will cost the remainder
— or $255 million over three years — to simply keep up with increasing costs
and wages due to inflation at current annual rates.
Various cost studies and comparisons to other states and
previous levels of Kansas funding and achievement indicate that Kansas school
funding should be increased by approximately $600 million to provide
constitutionally suitable funding based on student outcomes. Governor Brownback
proposed $600 million to remedy the school finance case, phased in over a five-year
period.
This fall, in response to a Legislative request, the Kansas
State Department of Education surveyed school districts on how they would spend
an additional $200 million over each of the next three years. The results were
presented to the Special Committee on a Comprehensive Response to the School
Finance Decision in December.
Programs to improve student success

Districts say they would spend an average of $85 million out
of $200 million per year for enhancing programs and services for students, for
a total of $255 million more per year after three years.
As the table below shows, most of the new money would go to
direct interventions and services, such as special help for lower achieving
students, early childhood and special education; proven efforts to help all
students, such as hiring more teachers to lower class size, more career and
guidance counselors, social workers and technical education programs; and supporting
technology and curriculum materials.
Proposed
District Investments in Student Success Programs from $600 million
From
school district survey on allocation of additional $200 million per year over
three years.
Remaining
funding would cover inflation and help educator salaries catch up with other
states.
Identified purpose for
enhancements
Average
Percent
Times $200 million
per year
Three-year
Total
At-risk Students*
7.9%
$15.8 million
$47.4 million
Lower class size
4.1%
$8.2 million
$24.6 million
Counselors, social workers
3.8%
$7.6 million
$22.9 million**
Technology
3.8%
$7.6 million
$22.9 million
Curriculum materials
3.8%
$7.6 million
$22.9 million
Early Childhood
3.4%
$6.8 million
$20.4 million
Career and Technical Education
2.4%
$4.8 million
$14.4 million
Transportation
2.4%
$4.8 million
$14.4 million
Staff Development
2.2%
$4.4 million
$13.2 million***
Special Education
1.9%
$3.8 million
$11.4 million****
After school programs
1.5%
$3.0 million
$9.0 million
Safety and security
1.1%
$2.2 million
$6.6 million
CTE counselors
1.0%
$2.0 million
$6.0 million
Other
0.9%
$1.8 million
$5.4 million
Summer school
0.4%
$0.8 million
$2.4 million
Increase graduation rate
0.4%
$0.8 million
$2.4 million
Additional nurses
0.2%
$0.4 million
$1.2 million
Expanded school year
0.2%
$0.4 million
$1.2 million
*While all investments on this list
would benefit at-risk students, these programs would be targeted specifically
at students who meet certain criteria, such as performing below grade level, high
absenteeism and others.
**Would fund approximately 150
positions per year at teacher salary average of $50,000, for three years.
Governor’s budget has a goal of 150 per year over five years.
***Fulling state professional
development program would require approximately $8.5 million; fully funding
the mentor teacher program would require $3 million.
****Special education state aid for FY
2019 is $84.4 million below the 92 percent of excess cost target in state
law.



Keeping up with Inflation


Based on an annual consumer price index increase of 1.9
percent (which is the estimate for calendar year 2017 and 2018 by the November Consensus
Revenue Estimate), it will require an increase of approximately $85 million per
year in funding in the general fund, Local Option Budget and special education
state aid to keep up with inflation. Over a three-year period, that would
require $255 million at the end of three years.
This is based on the legal maximum budgets for school
district general fund and local option budgets published by KSDE plus state aid
for special education. Statewide expenditures in these funds in the current
year, FY 2017-18, are expected to be $4,369.3 million.
Assuming an
increase in the consumer price index of 1.9 percent for the next three years,
it will require the following increases just to keep up with inflation:
FY 2019: $4,369.3 million times 0.019 = $83.0 million
FY 2020: $4,369.3 million plus $83.0 million = $4,452.3 times 0.019 =
$84.6 million
FY 2021:
$4,452.3 million plus $84.6 million = $4,536.9 times 0.019 = $86.2 million
Districts indicated they would spend the following
percentages of $200 million largely on existing costs:
Teacher
Salaries           33.7%
Non-licensed
salaries     9.1%
Health
Insurance            7.3%
Licensed
non-teachers  4.0%
Maintenance                  2.1%
Utilities                           1.3%
Total                             57.5%
times $200 million = $115 million
This means that school districts’ additional spending on current
salaries, benefits and on-going costs like maintenance and utilities would
increase approximately $30 million more than inflation. ($115 million per year
minus approximately $85 million for CPI increase = $30 million per year.)
Teacher salaries: making up for lost ground to inflation,
neighboring states

The additional $30 million per
year for salaries and other basic operating costs after inflation would allow
districts to raise salaries to make up for lost value compared to past inflation
and to compete with other states.
Using data from the National
Center for Education Statistics, Kansas average teacher salaries declined $4,253
from 2010 to 2017 when adjusted for inflation. (Average teacher salary 2010: $52,237
minus average teacher salary 2017: $47,984 = $4,253)
Therefore, it would require approximately $170 million to
bring 2017 salaries for current employees back to 2010 levels ($4,253 times 37,812
teachers and licensed support positions in 2016-17 plus approximately 500
positions added this year = $162.9 million).
KSDE told the special school finance committee it estimated school
districts increased salaries of current teacher and other positions directly
involved with students (counselors, social workers, etc.) this year by $95
million. Subtracting from $162.9 million means it would require an additional $67.9
million to restore teacher salaries to 2010 levels when adjusted for inflation.
Dividing $67.9 million by three years = $22.6 million per
year for teacher salaries only, compared to $30 million available after the
estimated cost of inflation over the next three years.
Another way to look at salary competitiveness is surrounding
states. Governor Brownback set a goal of having the highest teacher salary of
the surrounding states. Using the same NCES data, in 2017 Kansas trailed the
highest bordering state, Nebraska, by $4,354. Using the same process, it would
require an increase of approximately $24 million each of the next three years
to reach that level.
(The highest state in the region, Iowa, had average teacher
salaries $7,459 higher than Kansas. Using the same process would require $63.6
million each of the next three years. Missouri’s average teacher salary was
$309 more than Kansas. Colorado and Oklahoma had lower salaries.)
This assumes other states are increasing teacher salaries at
the same estimated rate of inflation, 1.9 percent per year, and Kansas is
adding funding to increase salaries at a higher rate. If other states also
raise salaries more than inflation, Kansas will require additional funding to
overtake them. Also, these calculations are for teacher salaries only, and do
not factor in the need for competitive salaries for other school district
positions.
Therefore, the school districts’ estimated spending for salaries,
benefits, maintenance and utilities out of $200 million per year over three
years would cover the estimated rate of inflation, and further allow districts
to restore salaries to 2010 levels or match the highest border state, with
approximately $6-7 million per year to either exceed the highest
bordering states or provide more competitive salaries for other school district
positions that have fallen behind inflation and other states.